Name: MAHABALA ( महाबला )
Botanical name : Sida spinosa Linn.
Family : Malvaceae
Rasa : Madhura
Guna : Sara, Snigdha
Virya : Seeta
Vipaka : Madhura
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Prickly sida
Hindi : Bariyara, Gulasakari
Malayalam : Aanakuruntotti
Distribution – Found as a weed, all around India.
A semi woody, erect undershrub grows up to 1 meter in height. Leaves, Rhomboid-lanceolate, serrated at apical half with minute spiny projections at the nodes; flowers yellowish white, solitary, axillary in slender peduncles. Fruits 5-6 chambared, with one seed in each chamber; seeds brown and smooth.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, pain, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, burning sensation, hemorrhoids, intermittent fever and general debility. Plant has aphrodisiac property
Useful part : Root, Whole plant
Research : Three types of alkaloidal constituents, viz., beta-phenethylamines, quinazolines and carboxylated tryptamines, in addition to choline and betaine have been isolated from Sida acuta Burm., S. humilis Willd., S. rhombifolia L., and S. spinosa L. and characterized by their physical and spectral properties, and by chemical transformations. The qualitative and quantitative variations in the alkaloidal constituents of roots and aerial portions at different stages of growth were also noted. Elaboration of the quinazoline alkaloids seems to be a characteristic feature of this genus. The favourable combination of sympathomimetic amines and vasicinone in these species would account for their major therapeutic uses in the Indian system of medicine.
Link : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17402065