Name: LASUNA ( लहसुन )
Botanical name : Allium sativum Linn.
Family : Liliaceae
Lasuna, Ugragandha, Bhootaghni, Rasona
Rasa : Madhura, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Snigdha, Teekshna, Pichila, Guru, Sara
Virya : Ushna
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Garlic
Hindi : Beluli, Lahsun
Malayalam : Veluthulli, Vellulli, Vellavenkayam.
Distribution – Cultivated in U.P, Bihar, Karnataka, and Tamilnadu states in India.
A peculiar odoured perennial herb with underground bulbs. Compound white bulb is enclosed by thin whitish scales; inside that several bulblets can be seen. Stem arises from the middle of bulblets and is covered with leaf sheath. Leaves simple, long flat; flowers are sterile small in umbel.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, cough, asthma, fever facial paralysis, colic, indigestion, ulcers, skin diseases, hypercholestremia, cardiac diseases, vitilligo, hemorrhoids, sciatica, arthritis, and as a general tonic.
Useful part : Bulb, leaf
Research : The present study evaluated the effects of garlic on blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. Patients (n=210) with stage 1 essential hypertension were divided into 7 groups named as A, B, C, D, E, F and G. Each group comprised of 30 patients. Each patient in group A, B, C, D and E has received garlic tablets at the dose of 300/mg. 600/mg, 900/mg, 1200/mg and 1500/mg in divided doses per day respectively for 24 weeks while Group F & group G were given tablet atenolol and placebo respectively. Blood pressure readings were recorded at weeks 0, 12 and 24. Present study showed significant decrease in both Systolic and Diastolic blood pressure in both dose and duration dependent manner. In each garlic treated group, significant reduction in SBP and DBP (p<0.005) were observed when compared with atenolol (P<0.005) and placebo.