Name: KAMSAMARA ( कांसमार )

  Description: 
Botanical name : Hugonia mystax Linn.
Family : Linaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Kamsamara
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES 
Rasa    : Kashaya, Tikta, Madhura
Guna   : Guru
Virya   : Seeta
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English     : Climbing flax
Hindi        : Kamsamara
Malayalam    : Kartotti, Motirakkanni
Distribution – Throughout India growing in dry forests.
PLANT DESCRIPTION 
A large shrubby climber. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate, elliptic-obovate; flowers yellow, axillary; fruits globose 3 seeded drupes.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES 
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, arthritis and inflammations.
Useful part : Roots
Research : Phyllanthus wightianus belongs to Euphorbiaceae family having ethnobotanical importance. The present study deals with validating the antimicrobial potential of solvent leaf extracts of P. wightianus. 11 human bacterial pathogens (Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, Proteus vulgaris, and Serratia marcescens) and 4 fungal pathogens (Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Mucor racemosus, and Aspergillus niger) were also challenged with solvent leaf extracts usingagar well and disc diffusion methods. Further, identification of the active component present in the bioactive extract was done using GC-MS analysis. Results show that all extracts exhibited broad spectrum (6–29 mm) of antibacterial activity on most of the tested organisms. The results highlight the fact that the well in agar method was more effective than disc diffusion method. Significant antimicrobial activity was detected in methanol extract against S. pneumoniae (29 mm) with MIC and MBC values of 15.62 µg/mL. GC-MS analysis revealed that 29 bioactive constituents were present in methanolic extract of P. wightianus, of which 9,12-octadecaenioic acid (peak area 22.82%; RT-23.97) and N-hexadecanoic acid (peak area 21.55% RT-21.796) are the major compounds. The findings of this study show that P. wightianus extracts may be used as an anti-infective agent in folklore medicine.
Link : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4026884/