Botanical name : Exacum bicolor Roxb.
Family : Gentianaceae
Rasa : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Lakhu
Virya : Seeta
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Country creet
Hindi : Darachiratta
Malayalam : Kannanthali
Distribution – Growing naturally in rocky grasslands of Kerala.
An erect annual herb grows up to 60 cm in height. Leaves simple, opposite, corrugated, obtuse and scrubby on both surfaces. Flowers seen in long terminal panicles, with creamy colored petals marked with violet spot at the tip. Fruits small capsules, containing numerous small seeds.
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, diabetes, inflammation, hemorrhage, fever and burning sensation, skin disease and ulcer. This plant is on the verge of extinction due to uncontrolled man made destructive activities.
Useful part : Whole plant.
Research : Stomachic,febrifuge, antifungal, bitter tonic.
The leaves gave apigenin, luteolin, vanillic, p-hydroxybenzoic, protocatechuic and p-coumaric acids.
A related species. Exacum pedunculatum L., found throughout India, ascending up to 1,000 m, is also used as a substitute for Swertia chirayita and Gentiana lutea. Pounded plant is applied externally in rheumatism and gout. It also gave luteolin, diosmetin and phenolic acids.