Name : Akhroth

Description:
Botanical name : Juglans regia Linn. var. kumaonia DC
Family : Juglandaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Akshota, Akshotaka
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES
Rasa    : Madhura, Kashaya
Guna   : Guru
Virya   : Ushna
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English     :     Walnut
Hindi        :     Akhor, Akhrot
Malayalam    :     Akrot, Akshotaka vriksham
Distribution : Cultivated in the Himalayas.
PLANT DESCRIPTION
A moderate to large sized deciduous monoecious tree grows up to 35 meters in height. Bark grey, longitudinally fissured; leaves alternate, imparipinnate; leaflets entire, aromatic; flowers small, yellowish green, male in pendulous slender catkins, female in 1-3 flowered terminal catkins; fruits drupes. 5 cm long with leathery exocarp. Wrinkled, hard endocarp enclosing 4-lobed, corrugated, oily, edible seed.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, rheumatism, sexual weakness, loss of memory, mental disease, colic, diarrhea worm infestation skin disease and general weakness.
Research : Juglans regia Linn were tested for a-amylase inhibition. Different concentrations of leaf aqueous extracts were incubated with enzyme substrate solution and the activity of enzyme was measured. For determination of the type of inhibition, Dixon plot was depicted. Acarbose was used as the standard inhibitor. One strategy for the treatment of diabetes is inhibition of pancreatic a- amylase. Plants contains different chemical constituents with potential for inhibition of a-amylase and hence maybe used as therapeutic.
Link : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4137939/#sec1-1title